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en:amino_acids [2013/06/09 10:10] (current)
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 +======Amino Acids======
 +Organic compounds that generally contain an amino (-NH2) and a carboxyl (-COOH) group. Twenty alpha-amino acids are the subunits which are polymerized to form proteins.
 +
 +
 +^Amino acid^Abbr.^Amino acid^Abbr.^
 +| [[Alanine]] ​     | Ala,A | [[Leucine]] ​     |Leu,L|
 +| [[Arginine]] ​    | Arg,R | [[Lysine]] ​      ​|Lys,​K|
 +| [[Asparagine]] ​  | Asn,N | [[Methionine]] ​  ​|Met,​M|
 +| [[Aspartic acid]]| Asp,D | [[Phenylalanine]]|Phe,​F|
 +| [[Cystein]] ​     | Cys,C | [[Proline]] ​     |Pro,P|
 +| [[Glutamic acid]]| Glu,E | [[Serine]] ​      ​|Ser,​S|
 +| [[Glutamine]] ​   | Gln,Q | [[Threonine]] ​   |Thr,T|
 +| [[Glycine]] ​     | Gly,G | [[Tryptophan]] ​  ​|Trp,​W|
 +| [[Histidine]] ​   | His,H | [[Tyrosine]] ​    ​|Tyr,​Y|
 +| [[Isoleucine]] ​  | Ile,I | [[Valine]] ​      ​|Val,​V|
 +
 +
 +
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 +All gene-coding amino acids are L-amino acids except for [[glycine]].
 +
 +**L-alanine**
 +<jmol ala.pdb.gz 200 200></​jmol>​
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 +=====D-amino acids in a cell=====
 +Gene-coding polypeptides and proteins consists of L-amino acids,​synthesized by a ribosome. D-amino acids also exist in a many cell playing important roles. They are synthesized by NRP (Nonribosomal polypeptide synthesis) with a complex multifunctional enzyme.(({{pubmed>​long:​15031493}}))
 +
 +======Links======
 +
 +  *[[en:Amino acids, essential]]
 +  *[[en:Amino acids, non-essential]]
 +  *[[Amino acids for SPPS]]
 +  *[[mesh>​68000596|MeSH]]
 +  *[[http://​www.ajinomoto.com/​amino/​index.html??​ams=comAminoIndex|Amino Acids Encyclopedia]] (AJINOMOTO)
 +
 +{{topic>​en:​Amino_acids}}
 +
 +{{tag>​en:​MeSH en:Tag en:JMol}}