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en:antibiotics [2013/06/09 10:09] (current)
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 +
 +<select Language>​
 +bio:​抗生物質|日本語
 +bio:​en:​Antibiotics|English
 +</​select>​
 +
 +======Antibiotics======
 +Antibiotics are used for screening of cloned cells and maintaining cells.
 +
 +=====Cell-wall synthesis inhibitors=====
 +  *[[Penicillin]]
 +  *[[Ampicillin]]{{icon>​flask}}
 +=====Protein synthesis inhibitors=====
 +  *[[Kanamycin]]{{icon>​flask}}
 +  *[[Neomycin]]
 +  *[[G418]](geneticin){{icon>​flask}}
 +  *[[Streptomycin]]{{icon>​flask}}
 +  *[[Hygromycin]]
 +  *[[Tetracycline]]{{icon>​flask}}
 +
 +=====DNA break=====
 +  *[[Bleomycin]]
 +
 +=====RNA translation inhibitors=====
 +  *[[Chloramphenicol]]{{icon>​flask}}
 +
 +=====Porin=====
 +  *[[Amphotericin]]
 +
 +
 +
 +======Table======
 +^ ^  prokaryotes ​ ^^  eukaryotes ​ ^^ ^
 +^ ^  bacteria ​ ^^fungi^others^ ^^
 +^ ^gram pos.^gram neg.^ ^ ^ ^
 +|[[Penicillin]] G^  O  ^|  X  ||inhibition of cell-wall synthesis|
 +|[[Ampicillin]]^ ​ O  |  Δ(part of)  |  X  ||inhibition of cell-wall synthesis|
 +|[[Kanamycin]]^ ​ O  ^|  X  ||aminoglycoside,​30S|
 +|[[Neomycin]]^ ​ O  ^|  X  ||aminoglycoside,​30S|
 +|[[G418]]^ ​ O  ^|||aminoglycoside,​80S|
 +|[[Hygromycin]] B^  O  ^|||aminoglycoside,​70S|
 +|[[Streptomycin]]^ ​ O  ^|  X  || |
 +|[[Tetracycline]]^ ​ O  ^|  X  ||30S, A-site|
 +|[[Bleomycin]]^ ​ O  ^|||NR-glycopeptide,​ DNA|
 +|[[Chloramphenicol]]^ ​ O  ^|  X  ||50S|
 +|[[Amphotericin]] B|  X  |^  O  |  X  |[[Ergosterol]] of fungi cell membrane|
 +
 +
 +
 +
 +======Disclaimer======
 +Content of this page is not for clinical purpose.
 +{{tag>​antibiotics}}