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Cinnamic acid

PubChem image 444539

BioSystems

Phenylpropanoid biosynthesis

Phenylpropanoids are a group of plant secondary metabolites derived from phenylalanine and having a wide variety of functions both as structural and signaling molecules. Phenylalanine is first converted to cinnamic acid by deamination. It is followed by hydroxylation and frequent methylation to generate coumaric acid and other acids with a phenylpropane (C6-C3) unit. Reduction of the CoA-activated carboxyl groups of these acids results in the corresponding aldehydes and alcohols. The alcohols are called monolignols, the starting compounds for biosynthesis of lignin.

PDB image
1T6J - Lyase
Crystal Structure Of Phenylalanine Ammonia Lyase From Rhodosporidium Toruloides
Ligand: CIN
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1BE8 - Serine Protease
Trans-Cinnamoyl-Subtilisin In Water
Ligand: CA|TCA
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2O78 - Lyase
Tyrosine Ammonia-lyase From Rhodobacter Sphaeroides (his89phe Variant) Complexed With Cinnamic Acid
Ligand: TCA

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